Facial Expressivity and Facial Emotion Recognition in Adults with Adverse Childhood Experiences
C. Huber1, U. Schnyder1, M. Pfaltz1 (1Zurich)
Everyday interactions are based on the ability to recognize emotional states in other people. Facial expressions are especially important cues for emotional states. Therefore the perception and correct interpretation of these cues are of outmost importance for the building and maintenance of interpersonal relationships. It is known that adverse childhood experiences (ACE) can interfere with the learning of emotion processing and regulation. However, little research exists on the specific association between neglect and emotion recognition. Our project uses experimental paradigms to replicate and expand previous findings of impaired emotion recognition in adults with neglect and possibly other ACE compared to adults without ACE. In addition, we will examine whether the predicted deficits in emotion recognition are linked to an attenuated facial expressivity. Our results shall help identify deficits in emotional processing correlated with neglect and other ACE. They could provide a basis for the development of specific interventions to promote better emotion processing in people with ACE. Such interventions might contribute to successful relationships, support resilience and lessen the negative consequences of adverse experiences.