6.04.2

Combating psychometric re-victimisation through the assessment of adaptive and ‘maladaptive’ Big 5 personality facets at both ends

S. Desson (London GB)


Background

Individuals who report disturbing incidents are frequently forced to complete inadequate clinical personality questionnaires that do not meet the Daubert standard of validity (e.g. MCMI) and are biased against survivors of (incestuous) sexual abuse leading to re-victimisation e.g. due to a toxic environment (Kurz, 2014).

The HDS questionnaire was developed to resemble 11 DSM Axis 2 personality disorders to identify potential ‘Dark Side’ characteristics. With DSM-5 an alternative dimensional model of psychopathology was proposed which structurally corresponds to the Big 5 personality factors. This paper describes the development of the BF57 questionnaire designed to measure both ends of each Big 5 factor through adaptive and ‘maladaptive’ scales.

Method

2506 individuals respondent to a pool of 410 items leading to the creation of the BF57 questionnaire with 18 scales measuring Neuroticism and Emotional Stability as well as adaptive and ‘maladaptive’ poles of the other four personality factors. A sample (N=138) completed the BF57 and the HDS.

Results

The BF57 showed a clear 5 factor structure which bifurcated into 10 pairwise opposing polarities. Moving Against themes modelled on Narcissistic, Antisocial, Histrionic and Schizotypal correlated highly positively with Openness and Extraversion, and negatively with Agreeableness, Neuroticism and Agreeableness. Moving Away (Borderline, Paranoid, Avoidant, Passive-Aggressive, Schizoid) showed a reverse pattern. Moving Towards themes correlated with Conscientiousness (Obsessive-Compulsive) and Agreeableness (Dependent). Correlations with the HDS varied somewhat for adaptive and ‘maladaptive’ scales.

Conclusions:

The BF57 has strong psychometric properties and could be deployed in personality difficulty research and practice.

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Background

Individuals who report disturbing incidents are frequently forced to complete inadequate clinical personality questionnaires that do not meet the Daubert standard of validity (e.g. MCMI) and are biased against survivors of (incestuous) sexual abuse leading to re-victimisation e.g. due to a toxic environment (Kurz, 2014).

The HDS questionnaire was developed to resemble 11 DSM Axis 2 personality disorders to identify potential ‘Dark Side’ characteristics. With DSM-5 an alternative dimensional model of psychopathology was proposed which structurally corresponds to the Big 5 personality factors. This paper describes the development of the BF57 questionnaire designed to measure both ends of each Big 5 factor through adaptive and ‘maladaptive’ scales.

Method

2506 individuals respondent to a pool of 410 items leading to the creation of the BF57 questionnaire with 18 scales measuring Neuroticism and Emotional Stability as well as adaptive and ‘maladaptive’ poles of the other four personality factors. A sample (N=138) completed the BF57 and the HDS.

Results

The BF57 showed a clear 5 factor structure which bifurcated into 10 pairwise opposing polarities. Moving Against themes modelled on Narcissistic, Antisocial, Histrionic and Schizotypal correlated highly positively with Openness and Extraversion, and negatively with Agreeableness, Neuroticism and Agreeableness. Moving Away (Borderline, Paranoid, Avoidant, Passive-Aggressive, Schizoid) showed a reverse pattern. Moving Towards themes correlated with Conscientiousness (Obsessive-Compulsive) and Agreeableness (Dependent). Correlations with the HDS varied somewhat for adaptive and ‘maladaptive’ scales.

Conclusions:

The BF57 has strong psychometric properties and could be deployed in personality difficulty research and practice.

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Rainer Kurz
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